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Balearic Islands

Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus ©Joël Bruezière Website

The Balearic Islands (Spanish: Islas Baleares) are an archipelago in the western Mediterranean Sea, near the eastern coast of the Iberian Peninsula. The four largest islands are Majorca, Minorca, Ibiza, and Formentera. The archipelago forms an autonomous community and a province of Spain, of which the capital city is Palma. The co-official languages in the Balearic Islands are Spanish and Catalan (i.e. Mallorquí, Menorquí and Eivissenc, as Catalan is known by its speakers in this territory).

The Balearic Islands comprise Majorca and Minorca which are the Balearic Islands proper, and other smaller islands, which together constitute an autonomous community of Spain. The main islands of the autonomous community are Majorca (Mallorca in Catalan), Minorca (Menorca), Ibiza (Eivissa), and Formentera, all of which are popular tourist destinations. Among the minor islands is Cabrera, which is the location of the Parc Nacional de l'Arxipèlag de Cabrera. The islands can be further grouped, with Majorca, Minorca, and Cabrera as the Gymnesian Islands, and Ibiza and Formentera as the Pine Islands.

The climate of islands is a Mediterranean Climate. With cold and mild, rainy winters and warm, sunny summers.

Majorca - the most frequently birded island - has two mountainous regions each about 70 km in length. These occupy the north-western (Serra de Tramuntana or Tramuntana range) and eastern thirds of the island. The highest peak on Majorca is Puig Major (1,445 m) in the Serra de Tramuntana. As this is a military zone, the neighbouring peak at Puig de Massanella is considered the highest accessible peak (1,364 m). The northeast coast comprises two sweeping bays: the Badia de Pollença and the larger Badia d'Alcúdia. Inland of here lie some of the best birding areas of the island with slat pans and the extensive reedbeds of S'Albufera d'Alcúdia nature reserve as well as the fame Boca Valley with its vultures and etc.

The northern coast is generally rugged and has many cliffs. The central zone extending from Palma is generally flat fertile plain known as Es Pla. The climate is Mediterranean, with markedly higher precipitation in the Serra de Tramuntana. Summers are hot in the plains and winters mild to cool, getting colder in the Tramuntana range; in this part of the island brief episodes of snow during the winter are not unusual.

The island is surrounded by two uninhabited small islands: Cabrera (southeast of Palma) and Dragonera (west of Palma).

Top Sites

Parc Natural De S'Albufera De Mallorca

Satellite View

The Albufera is a real model for reserves in Europe, not least because every Majorcan schoolchild has to visit at least once a year… a great policy we should all adopt.

Basically the reserve is a large wetland with very extensive reedbeds, scrapes, canals and scrub and hosts many breeding birds such as the purple gallinule and is a magnet for passage migrants - almost anything can turn up! It is possible at the right time of the year to see literally dozens of Eleanora's falcons in the air over the marshes whilst surrounded by birdsong and delighted by everything from purple heron to great reed warblers. There is a supporting cast of hoopoes, roosting night herons and much more. What is more it is within walking distance (for the fit) of many hotels and allows vehicular access to blue badge holders. Visit! Fatbirder

Salinas de Migjorn - South Mallorca

Salinas de Migjorn is popular with local birdwatchers with a great number of prey species, attracts raptors, including marsh harriers, kestrels, and ospreys.

Contributor

Wikipedia

GNU Free Documentation License

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balearic_Islands

Number of Species

Number of bird species: 315

Endemics

Number of endemics: 1 Breeding Endemic

Balearic Shearwater Puffinus mauretanicus

Useful Reading

A Birding Tourist’s Guide to Majorca

By Rebassa, Manchado, Martinez & Oriola [2009] published by the Balearics Tourist Authority http://www.birdingmajorca.com
See Fatbirder Review
Second Ediition now out! April 2013

ISBN: 9788461610617

Buy this book from NHBS.com

A Birdwatching Guide to Mallorca

Graham Hearl, Jon King Paperback (1995) Arlequin Publications

ISBN: 0952201976

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Finding Birds in Mallorca - Book

By Dave Gosney | Easybirder | 2012 | Edition: 3 | ISBN: 9781907316388 | Paperback | 37 Pages | 19 Maps
See Fatbirder Review

ISBN: 9781907316388

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Finding Birds in Mallorca - DVD

By Dave Gosney | DVD | Easybirder | 2012 | Run Time 72 Mins
See Fatbirder Review

ISBN: 9781907316395

Buy this book from NHBS.com

The Birds of Menorca

Enric Ramos 168 pages, col plates, b/w line illus. Editorial Moll reprint under consideration

ISBN: 8427307616

Buy this book from NHBS.com

Useful Information

A Birding Tourist's Guide to Majorca

http://www.birdingmajorca.com

In this Second Edition of the Guide all these, as well as other recent changes, are reflected. The opportunity has also been taken to update and improve the maps and itineraries, as well as including (26) new photographs of Majorcan geography and bird life. The result is an enhanced edition, which while conserving the initial format and number of pages, now presents both updated and more complete information.

Guides & Tour Operators

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Birding Pal

Information

Local birders willing to show visiting birders around their area…

Honeyguide Wildlife Holidays

Tour Operator

If you are looking for a quality natural history holiday, this is a great place to start. The Honeyguide programme offers a mix of the very best of wildlife in fascinating parts of Europe..

Kudu Travel

Tour Operator

Menorca: an Island Walking Tour for Birds, Flowers & Prehistoric Taulas

Naturetrek

Tour Operator

An 8-day birdwatching tour of Mallorca`s finest sites, concentrating mainly on the spectacular north-east…

Sunbird Tours

Tour Operator

The ornithological richness of a spring visit to Mallorca has made the island famous as one of Europe`s prime birdwatching destinations…

Wings

Tour Operator

The ornithological richness of a spring visit to Mallorca has made the island famous as one of Europe`s prime birdwatching destinations…

Trip Reports

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CloudBirders

Trip Report Repository

CloudBirders was created by a group of Belgian world birding enthusiasts and went live on 21st of March 2013. They provide a large and growing database of birding trip reports, complemented with extensive search, voting and statistical features.

2007 [04 April] - David & Amanda Mason - Mallorca

Report

After 4 days the garden list included 3 Stone Curlew, Serin, 40+ European Bee-eater, Golden Oriole, Nightingale, several Woodchat Shrike and a fly-by Eleonora's Falcon. A calling Wryneck remained elusive however.

2007 [04 April] - Honeyguide

Report

Pdf

2007 [05 May] - Pat & Judy Hayes - Mallorca

Report

All the species that were on the island 15 years ago are still there, although arguably not in the numbers they once were…

2007 [08 August] - Chris Stott - Menorca

Report

We were based in Es Castell at the Hotel Agamenon, a lovely venue with great views over Mahon harbour which provided a number of good birds from the balcony – my kind of birding!

2007 [10 October] - Stephen Burch - Mallorca

Report

This is a brief illustrated report on birding during a one week family holiday to Mallorca in October 2007. This was our third and probably last visit to the same villa at the same time in consecutive years…

2008 [04 April] - Honeyguide - Menorca

Report

Pdf

2008 [04 April] - Ken Reeves

Report

13 birders from Burbage Bird Club in Leicestershire stayed in Puerto Pollensa at the Pollensa Park Hotel for 7 nights. The weather was sunny and warm throughout. The roads were quiet the hotel superb and the birding excellent…

2008 [05 May] - Iain Johnson - Pollenca, Majorca

Report

The villa where we were staying was located on the northern outskirts of Pollenca, very close to the Roman Bridge, at the bottom of the Ternelles Valley. This valley is currently closed but is highly recommended in Graham Hearl’s book; A Birdwatching Guide to Majorca….

2008 [10 October] - Derek Lister - Majorca

Report

Majorca deservedly holds a high place with birders who want to see an excellent selection of Mediterranean birds in a varied and sometimes spectacular island…

2008 [10 October] - Tony Jones - Mallorca

Report

…Our week’s total was 85 (12 over my expected 'target') with 12 'lifers' which included the totally unexpected Red-knobbed Coot…

2009 [04 April] - Honeyguide - Menorca

Report

Pdf

2009 [05 May] - Pat and Judy Hayes - Mallorca

Report

We chose Villa Select to provide both our accommodation and our flight. Our villa was situated within the triangle of Pollensa, Puerto Pollensa and Alcudia. A little further out than any of our previous villas, but it did mean we were within a 10min drive of the premier birding site “Albufera”.

2010 [02 February] - Mike, Emma, James & Holly Cram - Majorca

PDF

…We took a morning walk along the wood Bosquet de Boquer and along the Formentor bypass to the base of the Bocquer Valley and back through town. A Hoopoe showed briefly on our garden along with a few Woodpigeon, Blackbird, Song Thrush, Robin and Blackcap….

2010 [05 May] - Chris Gibson

Report

…Common swifts and swallows flew overhead and swathes of nightingale and Cetti’s warbler song, with a short burst of orphean warbler, came from the dense bushes in the 'Wild Wood' next to the house…

2010 [10 October] - Pat and Judy Hayes - Mallorca

Report

This is around our 16th trip to Mallorca and we have birded both spring & autumn in approximately equal numbers. Both have their good points. In spring the number and variety of bird species is greater; autumn sees the start of the long protracted autumn migration of birds, in what seems to us, ever decreasing numbers…

2011 [04 April] - Honeyguide - Menorca

Report

…a confiding Thekla lark showed most of its features, apart from its greyish under-wing coverts. Several stone-curlews added their wild, eerie calls to the soundscape…

2012 [10 October] - Chris Gibson - Menorca

PDF Report

"Best of all was the plethora of big bugs and beasties, by day and by night."

2013 [02 February] - Nick Crouch - Mallorca

Report PDF

…Birds included at least 1 Great White Egret, lots of Stonechats, one House Martin, frequent Crag Martins, a Common Sandpiper, 2 Reed Buntings, a Zitting Cisticola and 2 Red-legged Partridges, as well as frequent Robin, Song Thrush, Linnet and Greenfinch. Returning to Port de Pollenҫa, there were 6 Audouin’s Gulls and 2 Sandwich Terns on the rocks south of the marina…

2013 [04 April] - Mike Witherick - Menorca

Report PDF

…With plenty of time in hand before our evening meal, we decided to make the short drive down to Binidali on the south coast. On the rocky limestone edge of the cliff, we saw a pair of Blue Rock Thrush, a Thekla Lark and a Northern Wheatear. Down on the shore, there was a Little Egret keeping company with two Audouin’s Gulls. Out at sea, there were a number of Scopoli’s Shearwaters showing their typical rolling and rising behaviour. A Shag and several Yellow-legged Gulls flew by…

2013 [05 May] - Niels Poul Dreyer - Mallorca

Report PDF

Annotated list…

2013 [10 October] – Chris Gibson

Report

… the cliffs still held breeding pallid swifts, despite the advancing autumn, which gave unparalleled views. Other birds included the expected blue rock thrushes, linnets and Thekla larks…

2014 [05 May] - Ed O'Hara - Mallorca

Report

I spent a week in Mallorca with my wife and daughter staying in Prinshotel La Dorada, which overlooks the S'Albufera Natural Park. Handy because you can see the reserve from the balcony of the hotel, birding as you eat your breakfast…

2014 [10 October] - Pat Hayes - Mallorca

Report

Although many birding sites we used to visit in the past have disappeared under the developers shovel, there are still enough sites to make Mallorca a worthwhile birding destination, especially if you are new to birding abroad...

2015 [05 May] - Ian Nicholson & Martin Beaton - Menorca

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...Moving on to the Cape itself we had much better views of male and female Blue Rock Thrush, and there were also plenty of Thekla Larks and Tawny Pipits to be found. We found several specimens of the spectacular Dragon or Dead-horse Arum (Dracunculus muscivorus) which unfortunately was not yet in flower, and we also found Spanish Foxglove (Digitalis dubia) and Sand Crocus (Romulea columnae).Once back at the vehicles it was time for lunch and we had a pleasant picnic listening to Sardinian Warblers singing and watching two Peregrines and two Egyptian Vultures overhead.

2015 [05 May] - Bob Shiret - Mallorca

Report

This was our first trip to Mallorca and our plan was to do plenty of walking, wildlife and culture. For a birder with a family it is an ideal destination as the birding is local and the beaches good for children...

2015 [10 October] - Tony Benton - Menorca

Report

I returned to Menorca in October, hoping to catch some late summer sun and autumnal migration. In reality, the migration of summer visitors had pretty much ended, while the arrival of Juvenile Greater Flamingos and a Kingfisher heralded the beginning of winter visitors. Menorca is always good for raptors, especially Red Kites and Booted Eagles which were seen on a daily basis.

2016 [05 May] - David Karr - Mallorca

PDF Report

A weekend trip to the Balearic’s biggest island, Mallorca (Majorca) to find the endemic Balearic Warbler and two local specialties: Eurasian Black (Cinerous) Vulture and Eleonora’s Falcon. All were found without too much difficulty, but a little patience was required to see the raptors...

2016 [05 May] - Mike Neale

Report

Blog

2016 [10 October] - Chris Gibson - Menorca

PDF Report

Before our evening meal was one of the events of many Honeyguide holidays which makes it a truly unique experience – a visit from the recipient of the conservation contribution which is part of everyone’s holiday cost. Menorca is very fortunate to have GOB (Grup Balear d'Ornitologia i Defensa de la Naturalesa) working there – safeguarding the landscape by being alert to potential destructive development, offering rehabilitation to injured wildlife and educating school children in the wonders of their own island, among a host of other activities.

2017 [04 April] - Ed O’Hara - Mallorca

Report

...Once again I spent a week in Mallorca with my wife and daughter, now an annual feature, staying in the Prinshotel La Dorado which overlooks the S'Albufera Natural Park. Convenient because you can see the reserve from the balcony of the hotel, and five minutes walk takes you to the entrance gate...

Places to Stay

Click on WAND for tours, guides, lodges and more…

Hotel Playa Esperanza - Mallorca

Accommodation

S`Albufera Av., 4 - 07408 Platja de Muro, Mallorca - Phone: 971 890 568 / Fax: 971 890 938
Special offers for Birdwatchers Sept/Oct & March/April

Organisations

Balearic Group of Ornithology Mallorca

Website

The GOB (Balearic Group of Ornithology and Defence of Nature) is a non governmental organisation and registered charity, legally founded in 1973. The objectives of GOB are the conservation, dissemination and study of nature and the environment of the Balearic Islands. The organisation is structures in four sections, one on each island (Mallorca, Menorca, Eivissa and Formentera) and in local delegations (currently 18)

Balearic Group of Ornithology Elivissa

Website

Elivissa branch of GOB…

Balearic Group of Ornithology Menorca

Website

The Balearic Group of Ornithology and Defence of Nature, known as G.O.B. - acronym of Grup Ornitologic Balear-, is a non-governmental, non-profit association dedicated to the study, the popularization and the defence of the environment in the Balearic Islands (Spain). It is sustained by the donation of members and sympathizers, the production of services related to environment and the sale of books and other promotional materials.

Institut Català d'Ornitologia

Website

L'Institut Català d'Ornitologia (ICO) és una entitat sense ànim de lucre, que des de la seva creació, l'any 1975, s'ha dedicat a estudiar la biologia i la migració dels ocells mitjançant l'anellament científic…

Reserves

Archipiélago de Cabrera

Information

Satellite View

Un 85% de la superficie de este Parque Nacional es mar. Unas aguas limpias y transparentes que reflejan la belleza de las islas y dan cobijo a una fauna absolutamente única y fascinante.

Biodiversity at S'Alburfera

Website

Satellite View

Without water, S'Albufera would not exist. Fortunately, although this is threatened, at the moment it has water aplenty which ensures favourable conditions for vegetation growth and variety according to the depth of water, proximity of the sea and type of terrain…

Freus Marine Reserve of Ibiza and Formentera

Website

Satellite View

The Freus Marine Reserve of Ibiza and Formentera was set up in May 1999 within the fisheries management policy of the Balearic Islands Government's Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries, with the aim of protecting ecosystems, stopping the degradation of habitats and recovering and repopulating with threatened species and areas….

Menorca Reserva de Biosfera

Website

Satellite View

Menorca is an island of 700 sq kilometre surface and a coast length of 200 km. It is divided into eight municipalities with a steady population of 85,000 inhabitants. Tourism has become over the past decades its main economic resource: this fact explains seasonal population variations with peaks as high as 160,000…

Parc Natural De S'Albufera De Mallorca

Website

Satellite View

Albufera Natural Parc is (+34) 971 89 22 50. S'Albufera is a famous, almost mythical place: its birds, eels, water and canals. It is also notorious for mosquitoes, strong smells and occasional and violent floods. S'Albufera has been used for many purposes: as a hunting-ground by privileged minority - as well as by poachers - and the origin of delicious eels. On a dry island like Majorca the contrast of a landscape of bridges and canals is especially attractive. S'Albufera offers a diverse and plentiful fauna; a particular flora of its own. S'Albufera is a unique place on the island and its natural value is appreciated as such. This recognition was confirmed with the declaration of the area as a natural park by the Balearic Government in 1988. It is one of the most valuable ecosystems of the Balearic islands and enjoys the strictest protection.

Puerto Pollensa

Website

Satellite View

Puerto Pollensa is a well known base for bird watchers. Read the two reports below. Click on the bird links and you will see and hear them!

Other Links

Birding in Mallorca

Website

One of the best places to bird in the western Mediterranean is the S'Albufera marsh in NE Mallorca. Below are pictures of some of the birds that can be seen in this fantastic and easily accessible area…

Calvià Birding

Website

Calvià Birding is an initiative of the Municipality of Calvia created to raise awareness of the natural values ​​of the municipality, following a special way to the best routes and areas to enjoy birding…