Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina is one of the smallest countries in southeast Europe. It is situated in the heart of the Balcan peninsula between Croatia and Serbia and Montenegro. Bosnia and Herzegovina is generally a mountaneous country with a massive mountain along its western border. The inner and northwest parts of the country are covered with forests. The southern part, twenty kilometers long, covers the Adriatic coast.
Ornithology in Bosnia and Herzegovina started to develop at the end of the 19th century thanks to Otmar Reiser, who was a curator of the National Museum at that time and one of the most respected European ornithologists of the 19th and 20th century. The second half of the 20th century has been marked with research, mainly in ecology, by Dr. Svjetoslav Obratil, the most well known ornithologist in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Up till now, there are altogether 321 species of birds registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Furthermore, 218 species can be found nesting in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Unfortunately, in the last 150 years, due to constant destruction of habitat, 16 species have been lost.
Thanks to the variety of nature in Bosnia and Herzegovina, it is possible to find a great number of interesting locations for observation and study of birds, such as Hutovo blato, Bardaèa, Livanjsko polje, Sutjeska, Kozara, mountain Vran, Lake Boraèko, mountain Igman, and Bjelašnica etc. See below for details.
Mountain Vran and Dugo field
This region, geographically placed in the eastern part of the middle Dinarida, includes a chain of characteristic mountain tops of the mountain Vran, together with the broader area of the Blidinje Park and Lake Blidinje. In the aforementioned area, there are about 100 species of birds and nesting Capercaillie Tetrao urogallus been recorded.
Bardaèa is designated an IBA and consists of a fish pond complex near Srbac. This damp habitat of about 700ha has 185 recorded species of birds. The majority have been recorded during the period of the autumn migration. Furthermore, many endangered species nest in the fish ponds area (Ferruginous Duck Aynthya nyroca, White Stork Ciconia ciconia, Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia and Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax carbo etc.)
This natural park is a Mediterranean wetland situated near Èapljina (Herzegovina). It is an IBA (Important Bird Area) and there are 235 species officially listed. This area is considered very important for feeding and resting birds during their autumn migration to Africa. Hutovo Blato is also an important habitat for the nesting of some globally endangered species (Pygmy Cormorant Phalacrocorax pygmaeus, Ferruginous Duck Aynthya nyroca, & European Bee-eater Marops apiaster etc.), as well as for a number of species which spend the winter in wet locations.
Livanjsko polje is one the biggest grassland areas in Krajina, situated in the north of Bosnia and Herzegovina at an altitude of approximately 700m. Ornithological researches so far show that this location has 163 species of birds. In the last 15 years, among others, European Bee-eater Merops apiaster, Garganey Anas querquedula and Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus have been recorded nesting here.
The Sutjeska National Park (eastern Bosnia) is a mountainous region situated near the Sutjeska River. This area, including the forest of Peruèica, has about 108 species of birds.The Tjentište area along the river Sutjeska is one of the most important areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina, concerning for nesting Concrake Crex crex.
Dražen Kotrošan & Ida Telalbašiæ
Ornitološko društvo Naše ptice - The Society of Ornithology Our Birds
Number of Species
Number of bird species: 321
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Guides & Tour Operators
Please note that most Birdingpals are serious birdwatchers. It is a privilege to contact them, and your message should reflect it. A local Pal does not get paid, but should he/she offer to take you out birding, using their own vehicle, it would be courteous to pay for the fuel. A lunch and/or a small gift would also be appropriate, something as simple as a souvenir of your country, or a pin from your local birding club…
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2008 [05 May] - Mark Easterbrook
This was a week long trip taking in parts of Bosnia, Montenegro and Croatia…
Bosnia & Herzegovina Ornithology Society (Nase Ptice)
Semira Fraste 6/14; 71 000 Sarajevo Tel: 061/356 - 670 firstname.lastname@example.org - The new (late 2010) website covers many aspects of birds and ornithology in Bosnia Herzegovina…
National Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina
The Department of Natural History represents the first scientific and cultural organizational unit in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the area of natural history…
Important Bird Areas
List of birds of Bosnia-Herzegovina
This is a list of the bird species recorded in Bosnia-Herzegovina. The avifauna of Bosnia-Herzegovina includes a total of 318 species, of which 1 is rare or accidental. 2 species listed are extirpated in Bosnia-Herzegovina and are not included in the species count…